Sexual dysfunction or sexual problems refers to any disturbance in the function of sexual response and prevents the individual achieving sexual satisfaction. According to statistics over 30% of men suffer from sexual problems, and fortunately many of them are curable, but man has to medical specialist to discuss about his problem. Most sexual dysfunctions are treated with drug therapy or psychotherapy.
In general underlying causes of sexual dysfunction are either psychological or physiological. Psychological causes usually refers to the life and sexual experience, such as depression disorders, marital problems, fatigue or stress, previous relational failures, frustration and desire for sexual performance, emotional problems, guilt etc.
Physiological causes are related to a disease or certain drugs, alcohol or cigarettes which lead to sexual dysfunction. Among the best known causes of the sexual dysfunction are affections like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, neurological disorders, hormonal imbalances, liver or kidney problems, etc. Abuse of sedative drugs also has negative effects on sexual life.
There are 4 categories of male sexual dysfunction and they are linked sexual desire, arousal, orgasm and pain disorders.
Sexual desire dysfunction is linked to low libido or lack of sexual desire. The main causes are a low testosterone level, fatigue, depression, anxiety or can be a side effect of certain medication.
The main sexual arousal disorders are frigidity in women and erectile dysfunction or impotence in men. Erectile dysfunction is the man’s inability to maintain erection to complete a sexual intercourse. It can affect men of any age, being very frequent over aged of 60. Chronic disease that alter the blood flow in the area are the most common cause in elderly (diabetes, vascular disease, high blood pressure), while psychological problems are the reasons for this disorder in young men.
Erectile dysfunction can also be caused by quite rare disorders like Peyronie’s disease (a structural abnormality of the penis), priapism or exposure to mumps virus as a child. Hormonal imbalances that lead to erectile dysfunction can be caused by thyroid and adrenal gland disorders, and brain tumors. Cycling was often associated with a decrease in fertility and erectile dysfunction. Local pressure on the nerves and blood vessels can lead to erection problems and even damage to the scrotum.
The absence of orgasm usually has psychological or medication reasons. For example, antidepressants can delay or even eliminate orgasm. Sexual pain disorders affect only women and include painful intercourse caused by insufficient lubrication or skin problems in the vaginal areas.